Sometimes I hear people ask in exasperation, "Why can't they just settle things in the Middle East ?" A simple question, but, unfortunately, with no simple answers.
To put it into perspective: Jews consider Israel to be theirs and to have been theirs from prehistoric times. They say it was given to them by God, and they called themselves "The Children of Israel." They say the land was theirs before they were taken into Egypt in bondage, and after the Exodus; and was theirs until they were scattered from Palestine to other countries following the Babylonian Captivity. That is known as the Diaspora, or "dispersal." Jews say the land was returned to them after World War II, with the creation of the modern state of Israel , and that they intend to stay. As the strongest military presence in the region, that assertion is hard to dispute.